---------------------------------------------------------------------------- ----------------------- AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL NEWS FOR HEALTH PROFESSIONALS AI Bulletin Vol 5, No. 14, 12 July 2002 AI Index: ACT 84/014/2002 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- ------------------------- To subscribe or unsubscribe from the bulletin or to contact AI please write to mailto:email@example.com. Visit the AI web-site: http://www.amnesty.org and the AI Health Professional web-site at: http://www.web.amnesty.org/rmp/hponline.nsf Contents of external sites are not the responsibility of Amnesty International. Links are provided for the convenience of readers. NOTE: Some sites may require registration or only be available to subscribers. Summary * AI reports & statements: Bosnia-Heregovina, Israel/OT/PA, Southern Africa * Further news: Africa - OAU-AU / Algeria - killings / El Salvador/USA - HR prosecution / India - killings / Kenya - FGM; AIDS medication / Mexico - sexual violence/HR inquiry / Myanmar - oil company / Nigeria - adultery prosecutions / South Africa - court ruling on AIDS / UK - refugee doctors; plastic bullets / USA - Penry case; death penalty; ethics. * Conferences: The Mental Health Needs of Refugees, UK, 2 October 2002; Non-discrimination and minority rights, Finland 25-29 November 2002. * Publications Amnesty International reports & statements Bosnia-Herzegovina: AI believes that the unresolved fate of those missing in Srebrenica remains one of the major human rights issues to be addressed in Bosnia-Herzegovina. See the press release: http://web.amnesty.org/ai.nsf/Index/EUR630112002 Israel/OT/PA. Amnesty International has called for an end to Palestinian attacks on Israeli civilians. See press release: http://web.amnesty.org/ai.nsf/recent/MDE151042002 and the report: http://web.amnesty.org/ai.nsf/Index/MDE020032002 See also the report from the BBC: http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/world/middle_east/newsid_2123000/2123663.st m and AP in the Washington Post (12 July): http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A58116-2002Jul11.html Southern Africa. New reports by AI address the issue of policing in southern Africa. See: press release http://web.amnesty.org/ai.nsf/Index/AFR030082002; report: http://web.amnesty.org/ai.nsf/Index/AFR030042002 ; appeal leaflets: http://web.amnesty.org/ai.nsf/Index/AFR030052002 This is a small selection of Amnesty International reports and statements. For a comprehensive overview, please check Amnesty International's website: http://www.amnesty.org/ Further news Africa - end of OAU. The Organization of African Unity (OAU), created in 1963, has been replaced by the new African Union (http://www.africa-union.org/). See BBC (9 July) http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/world/africa/newsid_1426000/1426236.stm ; see also AP in the Boston Globe (10 July) http://www.boston.com/dailyglobe2/191/nation/Hopes_cynicism_greet_birth_of_A frican_Union+.shtml. Human Rights Watch suggested (10 July) that human rights should be high on the AU's agenda: http://www.hrw.org/press/2002/07/africanunion0710.htm Algeria - killings continue. The Economist (11 July) reports that the conflict in Algeria is far from over -- some 800 people have already been killed this year, it says. See: http://www.economist.co.uk/world/africa/displayStory.cfm?story_id=1224647 El Salvador/USA - HR prosecution. The former defense minister of El Salvador, Jose Guillermo Garcia, testified in a US federal court in Florida on 11 July that he had no knowledge two decades ago that people were tortured in his country. For the Chicago Tribune report (12 July) visit: http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/nationworld/chi-0207120284jul12.story?col l=chi%2Dnewsnationworld%2Dhed (requires free registration). India - Gujarat killings. The medical profession is alleged to have failed to behave ethically in the context of the recent Gujarat killings, reports the Hindu (5 July): http://www.hinduonnet.com/thehindu/2002/07/05/stories/2002070507390300.htm Kenya - FGM. "Just four months after Kenya made it illegal to circumcise girls, one can still take a daughter or sister for the operation and earn Sh1,000 from the government for it" reports the Daily Nation (5 July). http://www.nationaudio.com/News/DailyNation/Supplements/weekend/12072002/sto ry1.htm Kenya - AIDS medication. The Kenyan government has introduced an amendment to Kenyan patent law which makes it virtually impossible for any Kenyan to import generic Aids drugs, according to the East African (1 July). http://www.nationaudio.com/News/EastAfrican/08072002/Regional/Regional22.hml Mexico - sexual violence. In Mexico, rape victims face widespread cultural bias in pursuit of justice, reports the Washington Post (30 June): http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A2420-2002Jun29.html Mexico - human rights inquiry. The former president of Mexico, Luis Echeverria, was questioned about student killings during his presidency (1970-76) according to the Christian Science Monitor (5 July) http://www.csmonitor.com/2002/0705/p06s02-woam.html Myanmar - oil company held to account. An American oil company is being brought to court for alleged human rights abuses in Myanmar, suggesting that in future firms must carefully consider the behaviour of their partners, writes the Far Eastern Economic Review (2 July). http://www.feer.com/articles/2002/0207_11/p014region.html Nigeria - adultery prosecutions. In northern Nigeria, Amina Lawal is on trial for "adultery". She faces the death penalty if convicted reports the BBC (8 July). http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/world/africa/newsid_2115000/2115278.stm. According to the Nigerian Daily Trust newspaper (9 July) the hearing was deferred until August. http://www.mtrustonline.com/dailytrust/katsina09072002.htm. Other cases are in progress. South Africa - court ruling on HIV. The Constitutional Court ordered the government to stop blocking the universal provision of an anti-AIDS drug to prevent mother-to-child transmission of the disease. See CNN report (5 July) http://www.cnn.com/2002/WORLD/africa/07/05/safrica.aids.reut/index.html UK - refugee doctors. The annual BMA conference was told that refugee doctors' talents are being wasted in the UK. See BBC online (30 June): http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/in_depth/health/2002/bma_conference/newsid_ 2072000/2072501.stm UK - plastic bullets. The Police Complaints Authority (PCA) has urged that police use plastic bullets rather than live ammunition in policing. See the BBC report (11 July): http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/england/newsid_2122000/2122015.stm. The annual report of the PCA is available at: http://www.pca.gov.uk/news/2002report.htm USA: Texas - Penry. On 3 July a jury sentenced Johnny Paul Penry to death for the third time for a murder committed 23 years ago. His previous death sentence was vacated after the US Supreme Court ruled on 4 June 2001 that the jury in his case had received flawed instructions about how to take his mental retardation into account. The Penry case is the first to be resolved after the US Supreme Court ruling that executing the mentally retarded was unconstitutional. See reports: http://www.chron.com/cs/CDA/story.hts/metropolitan/1482512 ; http://www.wfaa.com/latestnews/stories/070402dntexpenry.3a7a5.html ; http://www.cnn.com/2002/LAW/07/05/death.penalty.retarded.ap/index.html ; http://www.nytimes.com/reuters/news/news-crime-retarded.html (free registration required) Also AI press release: USA: Basic instinct - another milestone in the ugly history of the death penalty (4 July) http://web.amnesty.org/ai.nsf/Index/AMR511112002 USA - death penalty (again). Bruce Shapiro discusses the Supreme Court decision in Atkins v Virginia. 'Rethinking the death penalty' (Nation, 22 July cover date) http://www.thenation.com/doc.mhtml?i=20020722&s=shapiro See also the commentary on the death penalty by Christopher Hitchens in the same issue: http://www.thenation.com/doc.mhtml?i=20020722&s=hitchens USA - ethics. Doctors are reluctant to forcibly administer anti-psychotic medication to render an accused fit for trial according to the San Francisco Chronicle (9 July) http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?file=/chronicle/archive/2002/07/09 /BA194797.DTL Conferences/courses UK: The Mental Health Needs of Refugees: A One-Day Conference, 2 October 2002, London, UK. This one-day conference is intended for mental health and social care professionals who work with refugees or who have an interest in working with refugees. It will also be relevant to those who run services for refugees. It will be focused on day to day practice, led by people who work routinely in this area in a well-established specialist NHS Centre. The conference is organized by the Traumatic Stress Clinic, Camden and Islington Mental Health and Social Care Trust, 73 Charlotte Street, London W1T 4PL, UK. More information can be obtained from Dr Stuart Turner, fax: +44 20 7530 3677, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org or by visiting the following web-page: http://www.traumaclinic.org.uk/refconf1.html Finland: Non-Discrimination and Minority Rights, 25 - 29 November 2002, Turku/Åbo, Finland. This one-week intensive course is meant to give a systematic picture of the norms on non-discrimination and minority rights within the UN, the Council of Europe, the EU and OSCE contexts. For further information see: http://www.abo.fi/instut/imr/courses_discr_info.htm or contact: Institute for Human Rights Åbo Akademi University (att: Ms Johanna Bondas), Gezeliusgatan 2, FIN-20500 Turku/Åbo, Finland, Tel: +358-2-215 4713, Fax: +358-2-215 4699, E- mailto: email@example.com. Publications International Commission of Jurists. The ICJ has published a manual on trial observation (28 June). The manual can be downloaded in PDF format here: http://www.icj.org/download/trial_observation_manual.pdf. For details about obtaining the manual in printed form contact: International Commission of Jurists, P.O Box 216 - 81A, avenue de Chatelaine, CH - 1219 Chatelaine/Geneva, Switzerland, Fax : +41 22 979 38 01 , email: firstname.lastname@example.org. (For AI's Fair Trial Manual click here for details: http://web.amnesty.org/80256770002C7290/0/57CDDC0A0BA1B5208025677500492B9A and here to access it online: http://www.amnesty.org/ailib/intcam/fairtrial/fairtria.htm) See also: Birmingham L. Detaining dangerous people with mental disorders. BMJ 2002;325:2-3. Text at: http://bmj.com/cgi/content/full/325/7354/2 Dahl S. Human rights abuses against women. European Psychiatry 2002 May;17 Suppl 1:53. Kanninen K, Punamaki RL, Qouta S.. The relation of appraisal, coping efforts, and of acuteness trauma to PTS symptoms among former political prisoners. Trauma Stress 2002 Jun;15(3):245-53. Abstract: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&list_ui ds=12092917&dopt=Abstract Murphy D, Ndegwa D, Kanani A, Rojas-Jaimes C, Webster A. Mental health of refugees in inner-London. Psychiatric Bulletin 2002, 26: 222-224. http://pb.rcpsych.org/cgi/content/full/26/6/222 (available online for subscribers only). Richters A. When ethics, healthcare, and human rights conflict: mental healthcare for asylum seekers. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 2002, 11:304-318 Riquelme H (ed.). Die Belagerung des Gedächtnisses. Leben und Arbeiten von Psychologen unter den Militärdiktaturen Südamerikas. [The siege of memory. The life and work of psychologists under the military dictatorships of South America] Bonn, 2001 (ISBN 3-931589-45-5) Silove D. The asylum debacle in Australia: a challenge for psychiatry. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry June 2002 ; 36 (3): 290. Abstract available at: http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/servlet/useragent?func=synergy&synergyActio n=showAbstract&doi=10.1046/j.1440-1614.2002.01036.x. Subscribers can access the document at: http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/servlet/useragent?func=synergy&synergyActio n=showFullText&doi=10.1046/j.1440-1614.2002.01036.x Tribe R. Mental health of refugees and asylum-seekers. Advances in Psychiatric Treatment 2002; 8: 240-247. Journal subscribers can access this article at: http://apt.rcpsych.org/cgi/content/full/8/4/240. (See also: Commentary by Derek Summerfield, Adv Psychiatr Treat 2002 8: 247-248. Weinstein HM, Stover E. Asylum Evaluations—The Physician's Dilemma. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 2002, 11:303-304. Zinkler M, Priebe S. Detention of the mentally ill in Europe - a review. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica July 2002; 106:3-8. Abstract: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&list_ui ds=12100342&dopt=Abstract ===================================================================== This newsletter may be freely distributed in unrevised form. For free subscription contact the AI Medical Program at Amnesty International, 1 Easton Street, London WC1X 0DW, UK. (mailto:email@example.com) AI web-site: http://www.amnesty.org/ Newsletters are archived at: http://www.web.amnesty.org/rmp/hponline.nsf/bull?openview ========== Psychology and Human Rights listserv ========== Send mail intended for the list to <firstname.lastname@example.org>. 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