--- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- SPECIAL EDITION WORLD SUMMIT ON THE INFORMATION SOCIETY PREPCOM 2 --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- *APCNews, the monthly newsletter of the Association for Progressive Communications (APC)* - March 2005 No. 51 - --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --THE ISSUES: INTERNET GOVERNANCE & FINANCING ICT FOR DEVELOPMENT-- --PREPCOM 2 FROM DIFFERENT GEOGRAPHICAL PERSPECTIVES-- --HUMAN RIGHTS & WSIS-- --MULTISTAKEHOLDER PARTNERSHIPS-- --THE PEOPLE AT THE PREPCOM -- --RECOMMENDED READING—- --WANT TO FIND OUT MORE? WSIS-RELATED WEBSITES-- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- -- WSIS UPDATE II: World Summit on the Information Society PrepCom 2 -- The World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) is a United Nations conference with the objective of developing a global framework to deal with challenges posed by new information and communication technologies (ICTs). The WSIS is a two phase process: the first one took place in Geneva in December 2003 and the second will take place in Tunisia in November 2005. From 17 to 25 February 2005, the WSIS second preparatory committee for the second phase, known as PrepCom 2, took place in Geneva. Last month, APCNews brought you resources and information on the issues to be covered in the PrepCom, now we bring you news, reports and interviews from the PrepCom attendees. http://www.apc.org/english/wsis/ --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --THE ISSUES: INTERNET GOVERNANCE & FINANCING ICT FOR DEVELOPMENT-- During the first phase of the summit in Geneva, governments were unable to agree on the language included in the official documents on two issues internet governance (who controls) and financing mechanisms (who pays), including the creation of a Digital Solidarity Fund for Africa. Since then two working groups have been mandated to discuss various options and bring recommendations back to stakeholders for further deliberation. PrepCom 2 was dominated by the presentation of the report of the financing working group and the consequent debate. The internet governance working group will present its final report at PrepCom 3 in September. --FINANCING ICT FOR DEVELOPMENT-- APC REPORT: Finance of information and communication technologies for development (ICTD) at Prepcom 2 "Internet Governance is Important…it would have been more so, if people HAD the Internet…LET'S TALK FINANCING FIRST!" proclaimed a t-shirt worn at PrepCom 2. Who will finance info technology for development is an intensely ideological issue. WSIS 1 established a Task Force on Financial Mechanisms to break the deadlock amongst governments and to make recommendations for WSIS 2 to adopt. Those recommendations were presented and debated at PrepCom 2. This report from APC looks at the issues on (and off) the table. http://www.apc.org/english/news/index.shtml?x=31483 OPINION: The Digital Solidarity Fund and The Economist APC's policy manager, Willie Currie, responds to an editorial on the digital divide from The Economist magazine in which it derided the Digital Solidarity Fund which had been welcomed by governments at the WSIS Prepcom 2. http://www.apc.org/english/news/index.shtml?x=31481 --INTERNET GOVERNANCE-- APC REPORT: The internet governance debate is one where civil society advocates can make a real difference Internet governance brings together two largely impenetrable realms for the average WSIS delegate: the nuts and bolts of the internet - what it is, how it works- and who manages those nuts and bolts. It is too early to predict what the final impact of the Working Group on Internet Governance (WGIG) will be. But there is no doubt that it has created a much-needed space. "At a time of global malaise, indifference and lack of faith and legitimacy in many of our global and national governance institutions, the internet governance debate is one where civil society advocates can make a real difference," concludes APC in this new report which covers the main developments in the internet governance debate. http://www.apc.org/english/news/index.shtml?x=31485 (without footnotes) http://rights.apc.org/documents/internet_gov_0305_EN.pdf (with footnotes) INTERVIEW: Markus Kummer, coordinator of the internet governance working group Diplomacy at the cutting edge As executive coordinator of the Secretariat of the Working Group on Internet Governance (WGIG), Markus Kummer prepares sessions, facilitates their work and writes up their reports after meetings. But, as he explains to Maud Hand in a quiet moment prior to PrepCom 2, Phase 2, unlike the classical secretariat tasks of any international working group, the multi-stakeholder make up of WGIG makes for a very different job. http://www.apc.org/english/news/index.shtml?x=31487 --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --PREPCOM 2 FROM DIFFERENT GEOGRAPHICAL PERSPECTIVES-- WSIS PrepCom 2: A South Asian perspective A divergent discourse between what governments say in Switzerland and what they say at home, the almost complete lack of interaction between government and civil society representatives and an absence of civil society voices from the non-technical sector, characterised the South Asian presence in Geneva conclude Bangalore activists, IT for Change. http://www.apc.org/english/news/index.shtml?x=31489 WSIS PrepCom 2: A Latin American civil society perspective Olinca Marino from LaNeta, APC member in Mexico, has been following the WSIS process since its beginning. In this report she comments on the united front shown by Latin American governments at PrepCom 2 but notes that the front begins to fall apart significantly in two areas that civil society activists care passionately about free software and community radio. http://www.apc.org/english/news/index.shtml?x=31491 WSIS PrepCom 2: A Bulgarian civil society perspective Milena Bokova, executive director of the BlueLink Information Network, a digital network supporting environmentalists and civil society in Bulgaria, had the opportunity to participate in PrepCom 2. She shares some reflections with APCNews as an East European civil society activist and a new participant in the WSIS process. http://www.apc.org/english/news/index.shtml?x=31493 --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --HUMAN RIGHTS & WSIS-- IL FAIT BON VIVRE EN TUNISIE? The state of human rights in Tunisia, host of the next World Summit on the Information Society Attendees at the recent phase of WSIS couldn't fail to notice the prolific presence of Tunisian delegates. From civil society plenaries through gatherings over coffee to the government sessions, they had their say in preparation for the November summit. But can a country whose government censors journalists, curtails web access and imprisons internet users without trial, be a fit host for the UN's World Summit on the Information Society? Maud Hand seeks answers to one of the hottest questions of Prepcom 2 for APCNews. http://www.apc.org/english/news/index.shtml?x=31495 --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --MULTISTAKEHOLDER PARTNERSHIPS—- The WSIS is unique in UN processes because it is a 'multi-stakeholder process' - including the voices of governments, the private sector and civil society in the deliberations. Multi-stakeholder participation and ICT policy processes The complexity of the WSIS process has been discussed extensively. But APC executive director Anriette Esterhuysen questions whether the WSIS is *uniquely* complex. In this article for APCNews she explores multistakeholder participation in policy processes, particularly at national level, and examines consensus and conflict in the WSIS civil society space and why the issue of collaboration with the private sector has become so contentious. http://www.apc.org/english/news/index.shtml?x=31497 Resources on multi-stakeholder participation in UN processes As part of our involvement in the WSIS, and our policy advocacy capacity building work at national and regional levels, APC has started to gather a list of resources on the topic. We want to thank members of the WSIS CS Plenary online space for their contributions. The list is a work in progress; do not expect it to be comprehensive. Please send additions to networking at apc.org. http://www.apc.org/english/news/index.shtml?x=31498 --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --THE PEOPLE AT THE PREPCOM -- ICTs for Grassroots: Women from South Asia Like bright flowers in a grey space, the grassroots women of India livened up February's Prepcom proceedings and it wasn't just their stylish saris that did the trick. Undaunted by the suits and officialdom of Geneva's UN machinery, these Indian representatives vigorously demonstrated the value of ICTs in their working lives and made a cogent case for finances to build more equitable ICT infrastructures in developing countries like India. Over chappatis and chi, they shared their stories with Maud Hand for APCNews. http://www.apc.org/english/news/index.shtml?x=31500 Interview with Ayesha Hassan, leader of the business sector at WSIS When Ayesha Hassan contributed to the Open Consultations on Internet Governance in the run up to WSIS, it was clear that the business sector's concerns were in competent hands. This stylishly suited lawyer, a Senior Policy Manager on ICT for the International Chamber of Commerce, leads the CCBI - the Co-ordinating Committee of Business Interlocutors at the conference. Maud Hand hears how this business interlocutor stays in command of her committee during PrepCom 2. http://www.apc.org/english/news/index.shtml?x=31501 WSIS - Snapshots from PrepCom 2 Maud Hand talked to more than 20 representatives from civil society, government, the business sector to bring you this snapshot of views and opinions from the people on the ground in Geneva at Prepcom 2 in February 2005. http://www.apc.org/english/wsis/prepcom2/ --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --RECOMMENDED READING—- THEMATIC REPORTS: Reports on PrepCom 2 that we particularly recommend include the excellent series from Sally Burch of ALAI, Ecuador and Nestor Busso of ALER, Argentina supported by grants from the CRIS Campaign and EED and collected on the CRIS website. Sally Burch's reports: Civil society reorganizing around content http://www.crisinfo.org/content/view/full/733 [English] http://www.crisinfo.org/content/view/full/736 [Spanish] Cultural diversity and education http://www.crisinfo.org/content/view/full/7337 [English] Financial mechanisms - no commitments http://www.crisinfo.org/content/view/full/743 [English] Internet governance - issues of democracy and human rights http://www.crisinfo.org/content/view/full/748 [English] ICTs: Funding, development and democracy http://www.crisinfo.org/content/view/full/752 [English] http://www.crisinfo.org/content/view/full/751 [Spanish] Nestor Busso's reports: Comienza el esperado evento http://www.crisinfo.org/content/view/full/729 [Spanish] Mecanismos de financiamiento http://www.crisinfo.org/content/view/full/730 [Spanish] The game is open http://www.crisinfo.org/content/view/full/740 [English] Un lugar para los latinoamericanos http://www.crisinfo.org/content/view/full/734 [Spanish] Mirada desde América Latina http://www.crisinfo.org/content/view/full/738 [Spanish] Solidaridad digital y radios comunitarias http://www.crisinfo.org/content/view/full/739 [Spanish] Defensa firme del software libre http://www.crisinfo.org/content/view/full/745 [Portuguese] Un show aparte: De eso no se habla. Esa palabra es fea, fea http://www.crisinfo.org/content/view/full/746 [Spanish] OVERVIEW: An overview of PrepCom 2 from Marc Raboy of McGill University, Canada The second preparatory meeting of the second phase of the World Summit on the Information Society closed on Friday night with a few cautious steps forward on intergovernmental projects, a great deal of on-site work by civil society, and above all a foretaste of what should be an important and heated debate on Internet governance. http://www.globalcn.org/en/article.ntd?id=2257&sort=1 [English] http://www.globalcn.org/en/article.ntd?id=2239&sort=1 [French] WEBSITE: Worldsummit2005.org Worldsummit2003.org offers background information and latest news on the WSIS process and on the issues and debates around the summit. It was set up by the Heinrich Boell Foundation in February 2003 and is part of the efforts of the Foundation to spread knowledge and information about the summit, both in Germany and internationally. The site editors are members of the German WSIS Civil Society Coordinating Group and are also active in the international civil society activities on WSIS. All articles by Ralf Bendrath unless otherwise noted. Vision lost or Back to Reality? PrepCom2 ends with long "to do" list http://www.worldsummit2003.de/en/web/732.htm PrepCom debate on Internet Governance and WGIG preliminary report http://www.worldsummit2003.de/en/web/730.htm Quo Vadis: Where do we go from Geneva?, by 'Gbenga Sesan http://www.worldsummit2003.de/en/web/731.htm Finance negotiations slow down, but agreement on Digital Solidarity Fund http://www.worldsummit2003.de/en/web/728.htm Conference on Freedom of Expression and the Information Society http://www.worldsummit2003.de/en/web/729.htm Follow-Up to the UN ICT Task Force discussed http://www.worldsummit2003.de/en/web/726.htm PrepCom debate on finance: Night session in Geneva http://www.worldsummit2003.de/en/web/725.htm Civil Society event on Financing the Information Society http://www.worldsummit2003.de/en/web/723.htm Prepcom 2: Week I Wrap Up, by Rik Panganiban http://www.worldsummit2003.de/en/web/722.htm PrepCom2: Debate on financial mechanisms. Strong criticism by Southern governments http://www.worldsummit2003.de/en/web/719.htm Financing Debate Heats Up. Task Force Report critizised, but consensus emerging? http://www.worldsummit2003.de/en/web/719.htm What's next after Tunis phase?, by Johannes Schunter http://www.worldsummit2003.de/en/web/717.htm WGIG is finalizing stakeholder input for the upcoming closed debate http://www.worldsummit2003.de/en/web/716.htm Post-WSIS follow up process?, by Rik Panganiban http://www.worldsummit2003.de/en/web/715.htm What is "Internet Governance? Open consultations dominated by definition controversy http://www.worldsummit2003.de/en/web/714.htm Pre-Prepcom Ramblings and Rumblings, by Rik Panganiban http://www.worldsummit2003.de/en/web/712.htm BLOGS: News from WSIS Bloggers Aggregated WSIS Blog: http://www.edwebproject.org/wsisblogs/ Individual WSIS blogs: Rik Panganiban (English) http://rikomatic.objectis.net/news Robert Guerra (with mp3s from several civil society meetings) http://www.privaterra.org/activities/wsis/blog/ Vittorio Bertola (week one special focus on the Working Group on Internet Governance) http://hackun.bertola.eu.org/ Markus Beckedahl (week one) http://www.netzpolitik.org/ [German] Bruno Oudet http://reso.blogs.com/smsi/ [French] Andy Carvin (week two, also podcasting) http://www.andycarvin.com/ Terri Willard (only known female blogger) http://taikod.tigblog.org/ WSIS feature at http://www.iisd.org/pdf/2005/commentary_general_2.pdf --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --WANT TO FIND OUT MORE? WSIS-RELATED WEBSITES-- The ITU WSIS website has an extensive section on WSIS related websites (government, civil society, private sector and other) here http://www.itu.int/wsis/sites/index.html (summary) and here http://www.itu.int/wsis/sites/other.html (full list). Sites of particular note in terms of civil society analysis, perspective and diversity of languages include: - Choike - Portal on Southern Civil Societies http://www.choike.org - Heinrich Boell's Worldsummit2003 and worldsummit2005 - http://www.worldsummit2005.org/ - Platform for Community Networks: various WSIS-related websites http://www.globalcn.org - World Forum on Communication Rights: initiated by the Communication Rights in the Information Society campaign (CRIS) http://www.crisinfo.org - WSIS in Latin America and the Caribbean from APC's LAC ICT Policy Monitor http://lac.derechos.apc.org/wsis - WSIS and Africa from APC's Africa ICT Policy Monitor: http://africa.rights.apc.org/?apc=he_1&w=s&t=29740 Websites which provide useful practical information on WSIS (including but not prioritizing analysis) include: - Civil society Meeting point http://www.wsis-cs.org - NGLS - UN Non-governmental Liaison Service: Special WSIS page http://www.un-ngls.org/wsis.htm - wsis-online: consultation process allowing all stakeholders to identify issues of common concern or interest - http://www.wsis-online.net/ --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- APCNews, in English, and APCNoticias, in Spanish, are distributed monthly by APC a worldwide network supporting the use of internet and ICTs for social justice and sustainable development since 1990. APCNews Archive: http://www.apc.org/english/news/apcnews/ Some rights reserved: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial Licence 2.0 2005 Association for Progressive Communications (APC) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/2.0/ ========== HURIDOCS-Tech listserv ========== Send mail intended for the list to <email@example.com>. Archives of the list can be found at: http://www.hrea.org/lists/huridocs-tech/markup/maillist.php To subscribe to the list, send a message to <firstname.lastname@example.org>, with the following text in the message: subscribe huridocs-tech To unsubscribe from the list, send a message to <email@example.com>, with the following text in the message: unsubscribe huridocs-tech If you have problems (un)subscribing, contact <firstname.lastname@example.org>.
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