Dear colleagues and friends, It is interesting and challenging how dialog and communication among members of a community, in our case human rights educators, is built. I started a dialog by asking a central question. What is the relation between human rights and citizen education? It is amazing that we have received so many remarkable answers and opinions, but also a Pandora's box has been opened. Now we are talking about neutrality, indoctrination and accountability in human rights education. In relation to neutrality let me say, first of all that I conceive human rights education a political education, therefore it can not be neutral. Second, in human right education the learner should, in my opinion, be seen as an active agent in his learning. Therefore there is no room for rigid and inflexible indoctrination. The question of indoctrination has been raised long time ago (George S. Counts, 1932). The social reconstruction ideology of curriculum has faced the question: does the curriculum developer have the right to attempt to change the social patterns of a culture against the will of the member of the culture?; does the educator have the right to indoctrinate students either with or without their consent? In the social reconstructive conception: " educators are not be simple reflectors of the culture but leaders of the culture" …the social reconstruction educator must take a stance with respect to the current social crises and educate students in such a way that they too adopt that stance" ... "to work to reconstruct society…" In the social reconstructive conception impartiality within the school is impossible; indoctrination is an integral and essential part of education. Human rights education, in my opinion, can not be neutral. But the real questions are: from what source should the non-neutral stand come?; toward what ends the non neutral position came?; how the non-neutral posture be imposed? Meaningful answers to these questions, in my view, can derive from the paradigm of human rights. In regard to accountability let me tell you that just the last year, to be more precise in November 2004, we have organized in Chile a Conference on Accountability and Evaluation in human rights education. Many educators from Chile and abroad were present a summary of the many discussion and conclusions of the conference will be delivered soon With love to all of you, let us stay in contact Abraham Magendzo Coordinator of Unesco Chair Santiago- Chile ======== Global Human Rights Education listserv ======== Send mail intended for the list to <firstname.lastname@example.org>. Archives of the list can be found at: http://www.hrea.org/lists/hr-education/markup/maillist.php If you have problems (un)subscribing, contact <email@example.com>. **You are welcome to reprint, copy, archive, quote or re-post this item, but please retain the original and listserv source.
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