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Human rights treaties and other instruments

International Bill of Human Rights

Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (Adopted and and opened for signature, ratification and accession by the UN General Assembly by resolution A/RES/63/117 on 10 December 2008).

Simplified Version of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights

Universal Declaration of Human Rights (General Assembly resolution 217A (III), U.N. Doc A/810 of 10 December 1948).

International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (Adopted and opened for signature, ratification and accession by General Assembly resolution 2200A (XXI) of 16 December 1966. Entered into force on 3 January 1976).

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (Adopted and opened for signature, ratification and accession by General Assembly resolution 2200A (XXI) of 16 December 1966. Entered into force on 23 March 1976).

Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (Adopted and opened for signature, ratification and accession by General Assembly resolution 2200A (XXI) of 16 December 1966. Entered into force 23 March 1976.).

Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, Aiming at the Abolition of the Death Penalty (General Assembly resolution 44/128, 1989. Entered into force on 11 July 1991).

Administration of justice

Recommendation Rec(2001)10 of the Committee of Ministers to member states on the European Code of Police Ethics (Adopted by the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe on 19 September 2001 at the 765th meeting of the Ministers’ Deputies).

Guidelines on the Role of Prosecutors (Adopted by the Eighth United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders, Havana, Cuba, 27 August to 7 September 1990).

Code of Conduct for Law Enforcement Officials (Adopted by General Assembly resolution 34/169 of 17 December 1979).

Safeguards guaranteeing protection of the rights of those facing the death penalty (Adopted by Economic and Social Council resolution 1984/50 of 25 May 1984).

United Nations Rules for the Protection of Juveniles Deprived of their Liberty (Adopted by General Assembly resolution 45/113 of 14 December 1990).

Body of Principles for the Protection of All Persons under Any Form of Detention or Imprisonment (Adopted by General Assembly resolution 43/173 of 9 December 1988).

Declaration on the Protection of All Persons from Being Subjected to Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (Adopted by General Assembly resolution 3452 (XXX) of 9 December 1975).

Basic Principles for the Treatment of Prisoners (Adopted and proclaimed by General Assembly resolution 45/111 of 14 December 1990).

Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners (Adopted by the First United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders, held at Geneva in 1955, and approved by the Economic and Social Council by its resolution 663 C (XXIV) of 31 July 1957 and 2076 (LXII) of 13 May 1977).

Basic Principles on the Use of Force and Firearms by Law Enforcement Officials (Adopted by the Eighth United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders, Havana, Cuba, 27 August to 7 September 1990).

Basic Principles on the Role of Lawyers (Eighth United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders, Geneva, 1990). Language(s): Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, Spanish.

Basic Principles on the Independence of the Judiciary (Seventh United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders, Geneva, 1985). Language(s): Arabic, Chinese, English, Russian, Spanish.

Employment

Freedom of association, human rights defenders

Freedom of information and right to culture

Humanitarian law, law of armed conflict

Prevention of discrimination

Protection from torture, ill-treatment and disappearance

Refugees and asylum

African Union Convention for the Protection and Assistance of Internally Displaced Persons in Africa (Kampala Convention) (Adopted by the Special Summit of the African Union in Kampala on 22nd October 2009. Entered into on 6 December 2012).

Right of self-determination

Right to education

Rights of prisoners and detainees

Rights of the child

Rights of women

Slavery, traffic in persons, forced labour

Social welfare, progress and development

War crimes, crimes against humanity, genocide