Electronic Resource Centre for Human Rights Education:
Select Filmography on Human Rights

 

SELECT FILMOGRAPHY ON HUMAN RIGHTS *

The following films and videos are taken from Richard Pierre Claude and Burns H. Weston (eds.), Human Rights in the World Community: Issues and Action. (Philadelphia: University of Philadelphia Press, 1992, 2nd edition). The publication is out of print. The editors have granted permission to publish the filmography in the on-line Human Rights Education Library.

 

(From Chapter 1: International Human Rights: Overviews)

Judgment at Nuremberg. Stanley Kramer, director. U.S.A.: CBS/Fox, 196 1; 178 min., color; Beta or VHS videotape. A powerful dramatization of the trials of Nazi war criminals at Nuremberg following World War II. Reveals the extent of the atrocities committed, which, in turn, set in motion the movement to draft the international Bill of Rights. Stars Marlene Dietrich, Burt Lancaster, Maximillian Schell, and Spencer Tracy.

Human Rights. Thames Television, producer. U.K.: Media Guild, 1984; 120 min., color; videotape. British television documentary traces the development of human rights since the 1948 adoption of the UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Interviews with diplomats, human rights advocates, and victims of violations around the world who attempt to discuss the concept of universal and inalienable human rights.

Mein Krieg (My War). Harriet Eder and Thomas Kufus, directors. German: Kanguruh-Film, Berlin, Germany, 1990, 90 min. Winner of the Peace Prize in the 1990 Berlin Film Festival. Guns and cameras at the warfront-Six German veterans from World War II recount their mernones of battle through the examination of their own amateur film footage shot during the German invasion of the Soviet Union.

Memory of Justice. Marcel Ophuts, producer. France: Films Inc, 1976. 278 min., color, French (English subtitles); 16 mm. Landmark documentary of the Nazi war crimes trials at Nuremberg. Filmmaker Ophuls traveled throughout Germany searching for peoples' attitudes about the past, and about other atrocities of war, probing the questions of guilt and responsibility.

Night and Fog. Alain Resnais, director. France: Argos/Como/Cocinor, 1955. 31 min., color & bw; 16 mm, Michigan Media or University of California Extension Media, Berkeley. A documentary film that contrasts color footage of Auschwitz as it appeared in the 1950s with black and white footage of the horrors that took place within its walls during the Holocaust.

Sophie's Choice. Alan J. Pakula, director. U.S.A.: CBS/Fox, 1982. 150 min., color; Beta or VHS videotape. Meryl Streep won an Academy Award for "best actress" for her extraordinary portrayal of a survivor of a Nazi concentration camp.

 

(Chapter 2: Basic Decencies and Participatory Rights)

An Evening of Forbidden Books. PEN American Center, producer (U.S.A.: PEN, 1982). 60 min., b&w; VHS or 3/4-in. videotape. Selected readings by well-known authors from forbidden books--those not allowed to be used or distributed in the U.S. at various points in recent history; includes a short history of book banning in America presented by Nat Hentoff.

Cambodia: Year Zero. American Friends Service Committee, producer. 1979. 60 min., color. The incredible story of Cambodia from 1975 to 1979. The brutality of the Pol Pot years is starkly portrayed, but within a sound historical and political context.

Chain of Tears. Central Independent TV producer. California Newsreel, 1988, 52 min., color; videotape. Documents the effects of apartheid politics and civil war on the children of Angola, Mozambique, and South Africa.

Everyman: Iraq, Enemies of the State. John Blake, director. London, England: BBC Enterprises Ltd., John Blake Associates Ltd., 1990. 36 min., videotape. Journalist Charles Glass presents a documentary that reveals the human rights record of Saddam Hussein's Iraq. The program was updated on the day of transmission to take into account the execution of British-based journalist Farzad Bazoft.

Eyes of the Birds. Gabriel Auer, producer. France: Facets, 1982. 80 min., color, French (English subtitles); 16 mm. Dramatization of an International Red Cross delegation visit to Libertad Prison, Uruguay, a so-called model prison in which they discover the effects of physical and psychological torture of prisoners.

Forgotten Prisoners: The Amnesty Files. Robert Greenwald, director. Los Angeles, California: Turner Network Television/Washington, DC: Amnesty International USA, 1990. 93 min., color; videotape. A contemporary, political thriller about a volunteer lawyer working for Amnesty International. A routine assignment to observe trials in Turkey quickly turns into a hands-on investigation when the lawyer learns about the unspeakable torture that plagues political prisoners in an Istanbul prison.

How Nice to See You Alive. Lucia Murat, producer and director. Brazil: Women Make Movies, Inc., New York, 1989. 100 min., videotape. Blending fiction and documentary, this film provides a searing record of life during Brazil's military dictatorship in the 1970s. Murat interviews women, who, like herself, were imprisoned and tortured because of their political convictions.

Interrogation. Richard Bugajski, director. Film Polski. Poland: Kino International Corporation, New York, 1982. 118 min., 16 mm or 35 mm. Originally banned in Poland, Interrogation is a grim but powerful story about a cabaret singer detained for interrogation by Polish secret police. A five-year Kafkaesque torture unfolds. Krystyna Janda was named best actress for her performance at the 1990 Cannes Film Festival.

Kurdistan, the Last Colony. Great Britain: Independent Filmmakers. Landmark Films, Falls Church, VA, 1990. 40 min., videotape. A vivid documentary examining the plight of the Kurdish people during and after the Iran/Iraq war. Includes interviews with refugees in Turkey and other countries.

La Boca del Lobo. Francisco Jose Lombardi, director. Jose Manuel Espinosa, Dept. de Trafico TVA S.A., Madrid, Spain, 1988. 122 min. Peru's best known filmmaker, Francisco Jose Lombardi, dramatically explores the horrors of the 1983 massacre of forty-seven men, women, and children in a small Andean village. The film examines the power of paranoia and its effect on the relationship between the soldiers and villagers.

Land of fear, Land of courage. NBC News, producer. U.S.A.: CC Films, 1983. 60 min., color; videotape. Documentary filmed in South Africa features Bishop Desmond Tutu, leader of the nonviolent struggle against apartheid, who discusses the time bomb of racial politics and the fears behind both sides of the color-bar. Narrated by Edwin Newman.

Missing. Costa-Gavras, director. U.S.A.: MCA, 1982. 122 min., color; Beta or VHS videotape. A young American journalist mysteriously disappears during a violent military coup in a South American country. When his wife (Sissy Spacek) and father (Jack Lemmon) attempt to find him, they are confronted with a deeply disturbing political discovery, the horrifying reality of "the disappeared." A 1982 Cannes Film Festival Award winner.

Nobody Listened. Nestor Almendros and Jorge Ulia, producers and directors. USA: Direct Cinema Limited, Santa Monica, CA, 1988. 117 min., 35 mm or videotape. (Two versions, one at 117 min. and one at 60 min.) Direct, humorous, and moving testimonies by twenty-five Cubans on the human rights situation in their country during the past thirty years. Many of them were imprisoned by the Castro regime; many also fought the previous Batista dictatorship.

Not My Living Self. Jet Homoet and Simon Wilkie, directors. Beaconsfield, England: The National Film and Television School, 1991, 68 min. This film interviews Somalis, Sri Lankans, and West Africans who have fled their homelands in search of freedom and a better life in Holland. The result is a dramatic look at life in exile.

One of Us. Uri Barbash, director. Israel: Israfilm, Ltd., 1990. 110 min. An Israeli soldier investigates the death of a Palestinian in an Israeli detention center. Through his investigation, he uncovers the real causes behind the death and new truths about his friends and fellow soldiers.

Prisoner Without a Name, Cell Without a Number. Linda Yellin, producer. USA: Yellin, 1983. 100 min., color; videotape. Dramatization of the story of Jacobo Timmerman, exiled Argentine newspaper editor, who was imprisoned and tortured by the military regime for being Jewish and for publishing editorials asking for an account of the "disappeared" in Argentina.

Prisoners of conscience. Noel Fox, producer. Great Britain: Facets/Cinema Guild, 1980. 30 min., color; 16 mm. Film that illustrates the work of the human rights organization Amnesty International by tracing efforts to achieve the release of two prisoners, a Russian and an Argentine. Follows Al's actions on behalf of each from the London research department to an adoption group working to obtain the prisoner's freedom.

South Africa Belongs To Us. C. Austin, P. Chappell, and R. Weiss, producers. U.S.A.: Icarus/So. Africa Media/Ecufilm/Michigan Media, 1980. 57 min., color; 16 mm or videotape. Portrait of five Black women in South Africa depicts their struggle for human dignity in the face of apartheid, for homes and food for their children, and for the liberation of the Black people; an in-depth focus on the economic and emotional burdens home by Black women in South Africa.

The Forgotten Genocide. Michael Hagopian, producer. USA: Atlantic, 1976. 28 min., color; 16 mm. Story of the genocide of the Armenian people in 1915 told with the intent to show that such events do occur and threaten all humanity.

The Hooded Men. Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, producer. Canada: Facets, 1982. 60 min., color; 3/4-in. Beta or VHS videotape. Documentary produced by the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation examines torture in many countries, including Argentina, Nicaragua (pre-1981), Northern Ireland, and South Africa, through the eyes of a sensory deprivation researcher and former torturers and torture victims.

The Killing Fields. Roland Joffe, producer. U.S.A.: WHV, 1984.142 min., color; Beta or VHS videotape. An uncompromising film about two men who find themselves caught up in the Khmer Rouge revolution in Cambodia. Based on a true story and starring Sam Waterston and Haing S. Ngor, the film presents a vivid demonstration of modern- day genocide.

The Migrants. Films, Inc., 1980. 52 min., color. Documents the fact that the plight of America's itinerant farm workers has improved very little since 1970.

Through the Wire. Nina Rosenblum, producer, director. U.S.A.: Daedalus Productions, Fox/Lorber Home Video, 1990. 77 min., color; VHS videocassette. Documents the shutting down of the Female High Security Unit in Lexington, Kentucky following Amnesty International and ACLU investigations of mistreatment of three women inmates.

Torture Victims Speak. Amnesty International/USA, producer. U.S.A.: Facets, 1984. 30 min., color; videotape. Three victims of torture speak of their experiences in this videotape produced at Amnesty Intemational/USA's June 1984 meeting. Alicia Portnoy, Argentina; Lee Shin-Bom, South Korea; and Reverend Simon Farisani, South Africa are featured.

What Right Has A Child. United Nations, producer. Univ IL Films, 1968. 15 min., color; 16 mm. Classic film of children's art from around the world; commentary is by children talking about the Universal Declaration of Rights of the Child.

Who will Cast the First Stone? Ahmed A. Jamal and Sabiha Sumar, directors. Cinema Guild, New York,1989. 52 min., videotape. Filmed secretly in Pakistan showing how General Zia al-Haq's regime manipulated the legal system and devalued Pakistani women. This film focuses on three women accused of adultery, which is considered a crime against the state, punishable by stoning.

Your Neighbor's Son. J. F. Pederson and E. Stephensen, producers. Denmark: Facets, 1976. 55 min., color, Greek (English subtitles); 16 mm. Documents the training of Greek torturers under the military junta of the late 1960s; dramatic reenactments are combined with interviews with former torturers, who recall their transformation from innocent recruits into merciless torturers, as well as with the testimony of victims and their families.

Z. Costa-Gavras, producer. U.S.A.: RCA-COL, 1969. 128 min., color; Beta or VHS videotape. An Oscar- winning foreign film based on actual events of political repression during the time oft he Greek junta in the late 1960s. Reveals details of the political assassination of a deputy, "Z," and the shocking aftermath of the crime. Stars Yves Montand, Irene Papas, and Jean-Louis Trintignant.

 

(Chapter 3: Basic Human Needs, Security Rights, and Humane Governance)

And Who Shall Feed This World? Films, Inc., 1975.47 min., color. Does the United States have an obligation to provide food for the rest of the world? This film tries to answer that question.

Black Triangle. Nick Davidson, director. London, England: Central Television Enterprises, 1990. 60 min., videotape. Interweaving interviews with mine workers and environmental experts, this documentary examines the daily life and culture of the people who work and live in the "black triangle," the most polluted region in Europe where Poland, Czechoslovakia, and East Germany meet.

Bottle Babies. Peter Krieg, producer. U.S.A.: New Time/Ecufilm, Michigan Media/CC Films, 1976. 26 min., color; 16 mm. Film explores the alarming increase in malnutrition in Third World infants due to consumption of imported powdered formula. Investigates one probable cause--the massive advertising campaigns of multinational companies that sell these products.

Celso and Cora. Gary Kildea, producer. Australia: Philippine Resource, 1983. 109 min., color, Tagalog dialog (English subtitles); 16 mm. Portrait of a young couple with children living in a squatter settlement in Manila; follows their attempts to survive economically and as a family unit as they face daily life and confront the greater sociopolitical forces surrounding them.

Children of Fire. Mai Masri and Jean Chamoun, producers. Great Britain: American-Arab Anti- Discrimination Committee, Washington, DC, 1990. 70 min., videotape. The story of the Israeli occupation on the West Bank through the eyes of Palestinian children.

El Barco de la Paz. E. Katz, D. Halleck, and H. Kipnis, producers. U.S.A.: Fellowship of Reconciliation, 1984. 28 min., color; 3/4-in. or VHS videotape. Documentary about the 1984 sailing of the Peace Ship to Nicaragua, sponsored by Norway and Sweden to provide humanitarian aid and demonstrate the potential for nonviolent alternatives to the threat of war in Central America; includes interviews with Nobel Peace Prize Laureates and Nicaraguan people to emphasize the importance of international attention to the issues of peace.

For Export Only. Richter Productions, 1982. 112 min., color. This film shows how products banned or restricted in the West, because of their danger to humans, are knowingly exported to the Third World by multinational corporations.

Hiroshima: A Document of the Atomic Bombing. Michigan Media, 1970. 28 min., color. One of the best documentations of the bomb's effects on Hiroshima.

Hiroshima-Nagasaki! August 1945. Museum of Modern Art Circulating Film Program, 1970.17 min., b&w. Uses Japanese film withheld from the public for twenty years, to show the results of the bombing.

Promises to Keep. Durrin Productions, USA, 1988. 57 min., color; 16 mm or videotape. Documents the efforts of the late Mitch Snyder, homeless activist, to establish a shelter for the homeless in Washington, D.C.

Shelter for the Homeless. United Nations Films, 1987. 27 min., color; 16 nun. Roughly one quarter of the world's population has no adequate housing and lives in appalling conditions. The film describes the One Million Homes Programme in Sri Lanka which enables families living under the poverty level to build their own homes with the minimum of government spending. It also focuses on a new policy of land tenure in Rio de Janeiro to help shanty towns (favelas) become functioning neighborhoods, and looks at the change in attitude toward homeless children in Brazil.

The Arab and the Israeli. Steve York, producer. U.S.A.: PBS Video, 1984. 60 min., color; videotape. Documentary on 1984 speaking tour of (expelled) Palestinian mayor Mohammed Milhem and Israeli Knesset member Mordechai Bar-On, former army officer and activist in the peace movement, who traveled together to the United States to speak publicly about mutual recognition and the dialogue for peace in the Middle East.

The Big Village. United Nations, producer. Barr/Univ IL Films, 1979. 25 min., color; 16 mm. A view of the relations between the "rich" and the "poor" nations from a Third World perspective; film questions why there are persistent inequities and how the resources and bounty of the earth can be shared.

The Face of Famine. Films, Inc., 1982. 75 min., color. This film shows how enormous quantities of grain are used to feed livestock in the West and the repercussions of such a system on starving people all over the world.

The Palestinian People Do Have Rights. Icarus Films, 1979. 48 min., color. Presents a comprehensive examination of the Palestinian-Israeli conflict.

The Water of Ayole. United Nations Development Program, 1988. 28 min., color; 16 mm or videotape. Documentary film about the efforts to bring clean water to the villages of Togo, West Africa, where the water supply is threatened by the guinea worm.

The West Bank: Whose Promised Land? Esti Marpet, producer. U.S.A.: Electronic Arts, 1984. 30 min., color; videotape. Documentary looks at the strained and often volatile day-to-day life of Israelis and Palestinians in the occupied West Bank; residents of the region, Jewish and Arab, express a range of sentiments and political views on the status of the territory.

Voices from Gaza. British: First Run/Icarus Films, New York, 1989. 51 min., color; 16 mm or videotape. Living conditions for Palestinian refugees on the Gaza strip are documented. Aspects of the Israeli occupation, confrontations between both sides, and the refugees' efforts to obtain rights and services are described.

 

(Chapter 4: International Approaches to Implementation)

Breaking Barriers. Simone di Bagno, director. United Nations Films, 1989. 28 min., color; 16 mm. There are more than five hundred million people in the world with disabilities. For many societies they are an untapped resource, or even considered a burden. But throughout the world people with physical and mental disabilities have a great deal to give to their societies. They are demanding equal rights and equal opportunities. Filmed in China, Ivory Coast, Thailand, Austria, and the United States, the UN film shows how disabled people everywhere are breaking down the barriers that have prevented them from enjoying the rights and duties, hopes and dreams, that are common to us all.

Namibia: A Trust Betrayed. United Nations, producer. UN IL Films, 1974. 27 min., color; 16 nun. Namibia, previously known as South-West Africa, instead of progressing toward independence was swallowed up into South Africa in defiance of the United Nations and the International Court of Justice. Despite the termination of the mandate, South Africa refused to relinquish the mineral rich country. The South African race system—apartheid—was applied in the territory where ninety percent of the population is black.

Namibia: Independence (The Elections). United Nations Films, 1990. 28 min., videotape. The citizens of Namibia can, for the first time in their country's history, exercise the right to vote. The United Nations Transition Assistance Group (UNTAG) was sent to supervise a fair and free election process. This documentary reviews the historic events leading to Namibia's independence—from voter education, to registration, to elections.

Namibia: Independence (The First Phase). United Nations Films, 1989. 27 min., videotape. Namibia, formerly South-West Africa, the last colony on the African continent, became an independent nation in 1990. The United Nations Security Council created the UN Transition Assistance Group (UNTAG) to ensure Namibia's independence through UN-supervised free and fair elections. This operation, one of the largest of its kind, is captured in this historic film, which shows the arrival and deployment of the initial contingent of UNTAG personnel in Namibia and describes the operation through the eyes of the participants—the military, the police, the civilians—it concludes with the return of the first group of excited Namibians.

Ticket to Development. United Nations Films, 1990. 24 min., 16 mm or videotape. Ticket to Development, the third in the series of Developmental Magazines, was filmed on location in Costa Rica, at a fish farm where Brazilian fish are being cultivated; in Nairobi, Kenya, at a women's cooperative that is being visited by urban planners; and in Jaipur, India, where a group of Nicaraguan technicians learn the art of making low-cost prostheses. These are but a few of the projects taking place in the ever-increasing exchange of technical expertise among developing countries.

U.S./U.S.S.R. Peace Walk in Ukraine: Interview with Ukrainian Dissidents. Americans for Human Rights in Ukraine (AHRU), 1989. videotape. This videotape was made during the U.S./U.S.S.R. Peace Walk in Ukraine, which took place from August 16 to September 16, 1988. It consists of interviews with Ukrainian dissidents in Kiev, members of the Ukrainian Helsinki Union, who discuss the impact of "russification" on Ukrainian society and the emergence of protest since the beginning of glasnost.

World Action Against Apartheid. Richard Sydenham, producer. United Nations Films, 1990.27 min., color; videotape. This film begins with a brief history of apartheid in South Africa and then documents the actions that the world community and the United Nations have taken to put pressure on the South African government to abolish apartheid and free all political prisoners. Footage reveals solidarity demonstrations around the world, consumer boycotts, a UN oil embargo, economic sanctions, and boycotts by members of the arts community.

 

(Chapter 5: National Approaches to Implementation)

A Question of Conscience. Ilan Ziv, director. U.S.A.: Icarus Films international, New York, 1990. 47 min., videotape. In 1989, six Jesuit priests were brutally murdered in El Salvador. This film looks at the political climate at the time of the murders and examines actions and reactions of the United States.

A Rustling of Leaves: inside the Philippine Revolution. Nettie Wild, director and producer. Canada: Nettie Wild, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, 1989. 112 min., videotape. The filmmaker's personal examination of the causes and aftermath of Ferdinand Marcos' dictatorship. Wild examines what Aquino and her government promised the Filipino people, juxtaposes these promises against the realities of the Aquino regime, and asks—When will the land be returned to the people?

Americas in Transition. Obie Benz, producer. U.S.A.: Icarus/Michigan Media, 1982. 29 min., color; 16 mm. Examines the roots of military dictatorships in various Latin American countries and their effects on the citizen; also looks at some attempts at democracy, the influences of communism, and the role of the U.S. foreign policy in the region. Narrated by Ed Asner.

Children in Debt. Estela Bravo, director. Cinema Guild, New York, 1986. 29 min., color; 16 mm or videotape. The film examines problems caused by the debts owed by Latin American countries to the United States. Subsequent poverty and hunger, changes in social structure and government programs, and how these affect the population, especially the children, are described.

Chile in Transition. Gaston Ancelovici and Frank Diamond, directors. Canada: Film Transits Inc., 1991. 73 min. After almost seventeen years of military rule, Chile returned to democracy in 1990. This film investigates the difficulties a country and its people must contend with as they try to reconcile themselves with their history.

El Salvador: Another Vietnam. Michigan Media, 1981. 53 min., color. Examines the civil war in El Salvador in light of the Reagan Administration's decision to "draw the line" against "Communist interference" in Central America.

No More Disguises. Pam Yates, producer. Tom Sigel, Boryana Varbanov, and Pam Yates, directors. U.S.A.: First Run/Icarus Films, New York, 1989. 6 min., videotape. Cui Jian, China's John Lennon, sings prophetically about the confusion and dissatisfaction of the nation's youth. Shot entirely in Tiananmen Square before and during the 1989 uprising.

Paraguay: The Forgotten Dictatorship. Patricia Boero, director. The Cinema Guild, New York, 1988. 27 min., color; videotape. Alfred Stroessner's 33-year dictatorship in Paraguay is investigated in this video. The regime is faulted for continuing poverty, frequent violations of human rights, and press censorships in interviews with journalists, apologists, and opposition leaders.

Salvador. Oliver Stone, director. U.S.A.: VES, 1985. 123 min., color; Beta or VHS videotape. Based on American photojournalist Richard Boyle's real life experiences in El Salvador, starring James Woods as Richard Boyle. The film dramatizes the murderous strife occurring there and questions the American government's willingness to prop up Fascist regimes so long as they promote American interests.

The Politics of Torture. ABC News, producer. U.S.A.: Ecufilm, 1978. 50 min., color; 16 mm. With examples from Iran, Philippines, and Chile, the news documentary explores the foreign policy of the U.S. in fulfilling a highly publicized promise to promote human rights and raises questions regarding the role of the government and corporations in supporting such regimes.

To Sing Our Own Song. BBC production, producer. Great Britain: Films Inc., 1982. 50 min., color; 16 mm or videotape. Documentary on resistance to the Marcos regime in the Philippines; focuses on Jose Diokno, active in the opposition, who is critical of the U.S. foreign policy and support of what he believes is a repressive government.

Tragedy at Tiananmen: The Untold Story. ABC Video Enterprises, Coronet/MTI: Koppel Communications, 1989. 48-60 min., color; videotape. The rally at Tiananmen Square by Chinese students demanding democracy is reconstructed through eyewitness accounts, news footage, and voice-over analysis.

Unfinished Business. Steven Okazaki, producer. U.S.A.: Couchette, 1984. 60 min., color; 16 mm. Documentary film tells the story of three men of Japanese ancestry who refused to go to internment camps in 1942 and were each convicted and imprisoned for violating the U.S. Executive order 9066; their personal stories and their efforts through the courts to overturn the original convictions are interwoven with archival footage of the camps.

 

(Chapter 6: NGO, Corporate, and Individual Approaches to Implementation)

Banking on South Africa. Packard Manse Media Project, producer. 1982. 20 min., color. Demonstrates that bank loans by the U.S. and Canada to the government of South Africa support apartheid. Suggests ways to pressure banks to withdraw this support.

Breaking Ground for Freedom. P. Youzwa and S. Carscallen, producers. U.S.A.: Philippine Resource, 1984. 23 min., color; 16 mm or videotape. First documentary on the social revolution of peasant farmers in Luzon, Philippines; shows their efforts to organize to improve their livelihood through cooperative agriculture and their discussions of land reform and the need to change inequities of ownership.

Citizen: The Political Life of Allard Lowenstein. Mike Farrell, producer. U.S.A.: Cinema Guild, 1983. 72 min., color; 16 mm. Documentary that traces the career of the liberal New York congressman, assassinated in 1980, who was active in the civil rights movement and became an advocate of human rights and progressive social policy in his legal and political career.

Controlling interest. California Newsreel, producer. U.S.A.: SoAfMedia/Michigan Media/UniCaExtMedia, 1977. 45 min., color; 16 mm. Documentary indictment of the role of multinational corporations and their efforts to oppress workers; focuses on disastrous social and economic conditions of the Third World where the corporations' presence is prevalent.

Elvia: The Fight for Land and Liberty. PBS Films. Food First: Institute for Food and Development Policy (IFDP), 1988. Videotape. This video tells the dramatic story of the landless poor in Honduras through the life of Eivia Alvarado, a 49-year-old grandmother and peasant organizer. The impact of U.S. military intervention on the peasants is also explored.

Escape from Iran: The Inside Story. Chip Taylor Communications, 1981. 55 min., color; videotape. Documents the Canadian Embassy's efforts in aiding a group of American citizens to escape from Iran in 1978.

Gathering Wealth like Eggs. United Methodist Communications, producer. 1983. 15 min., color. Presents the hidden costs of transnational corporations and examines the need for corporate responsibility.

Harvest of Peace. Turning Tide Productions, Amherst, MA. U.S.A., 1986. 16 mm or videotape. Harvest Of Peace is an intimate portrait of daily life in Nicaragua amidst the turmoil of war. The film focuses on a group of U.S. volunteers who traveled to a war zone in northern Nicaragua to work with Nicaraguan farm workers in the cotton harvest. Scenes of harvest and daily life in a remote village are contrasted with other, harsher realities: the aftermath of a nearby contra attack and U.S. "war games" in Honduras.

Holding Our Ground. Anne Henderson, director. Canada: National Film Board of Canada, international Film Bureau, 1988. 50 min., 16 min or videotape. Everyday conditions for women living in a squatters' village outside Cebu, the Philippines, are documented in this program. The women's efforts to form a viable community and support themselves are detailed.

Musicians in Exile. Jacques Holender, director. Canada: Nemeis Productions, 1989. 75 min. This film focuses on artists from Chile, Cuba, and South Africa who fled political repression in their native lands. By performing their music around the world, they are able to embrace their cultural identities while still living in exile.

People Matter: Six Documentaries on Human Rights Made by Filmmakers from the South. Avise Foundation, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 1988. This series of six documentaries which celebrates self-help and "grass roots" organizing is produced in connection with the UN Year of Human Rights and is based on the theme "Human Rights and Development Cooperation." The films are:

Bolivia, Union Rights, by Alfonso Gumucio Dagron, examines the situation of trade unions in Bolivia's tin mines, the only opposition to the military. As the mines close, the unions are losing their influence and are seeking other types of social participation. The director was assisted by the National Commission for Human Rights.

Chile, Torture as a Political Instrument, by Heman Castro, deals with the use of detention and torture of Chileans as a means to combat opposition. Part of the documentary was shot in Chile; the remainder depicts European aid for refugees and victims of torture.

India, Women's Rights, by Rajiv Vijay Raghavan, focuses on women's rights, the status of women in Indian society, resistance to campaigns for contraception, and the involvement of the chemical industry.

Peru, Children's Rights, by Alberto Durant, depicts the situation in Ayacucho, where thousands of children are orphaned by the civil war. They are further victimized by the lack of assistance, as public awareness of their plight is low.

South Africa, the Right to Development, by Lionel Ngakane, explains the concept of the right to development, illustrated by public initiatives in the frontline states that aim to increase social development for South African refugees, in preparation for their return.

Uganda, Basic Rights, by Ugandan film journalist Robby Wodomal with the support of the National Commission for the Investigation of Human Rights (Kampala), looks at basic rights and their application in the recent history of Uganda.

Sakharov. U.S.A.: Facets, 1984. 90 min., VHS videotape. Dramatization of the story of Russian physicist Andrei Sakharov and his wife, Elena Bonner, who were restricted and imprisoned in the Soviet Union for speaking out against violations of human rights and for social and political change. Made-for- television film stars Jason Robards and Glenda Jackson.

Torture and the Urgent Action Network. U.S.A.: Facets, 1984. 17 min., color; videotape. Examines the phenomenon of torture and what individuals can do about it in Amnesty International-U.S.A.'s Urgent Action Network; includes interviews with CBS News.

 

 

[*] Because of the changing nature of film and video distribution systems, some information is not shown regarding distributors and rental terms. For up-to-date information, consult college and local libraries or video film outlets to secure the mailing addresses or nonprint media distributors. For updated listings of human rights films, consult the Human Rights Watch Film Festival Catalog, Bruni Burres, Director, 485 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10017-6104, USA. Tel: +1 212 216 1264 / Fax: +1 212 736 1300 / E-mail: burresb@hrw.org / Web: http://www.hrw.org/iff and the United Nations Film and Video Catalogue, Department of Public Information, Audio-Visual Promotion and Distribution Unit, Room S-805A, New York, N.Y. 10017, USA. Tel: +1 212 963-6982/1807/6939 / Fax: +1 212 963-6869 / E-mail: audio-visual@un.org / Web: http://www.un.org/av/video/

 

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